I'm an Assistant Professor of Sociology at Rutgers University—New Brunswick. I specialize in using computational methods and data from social media to analyze online political discussions, far-right activism, and hate speech. My work has been published in venues including Social Forces, Mobilization, and Socius. My website includes a short overview of my main areas of teaching and research and links to my CV, social media, and Github profile.
At Rutgers, I teach undergraduate classes on Political Sociology, Sociology of Culture, and Data Science. At the graduate level, I teach Computational Sociology and a second-semester Statistics course. Code and slides for my graduate methods classes are available on Github.
My current research projects address several related questions. Why have far-right, populist actors have been so successful at building remarkably large online audiences? To what extent is online activism driven by offline events like protests, elections, and terrorist attacks versus endogenous processes like ranking and recommendation algorithms? What role do individual opinion leaders play in disseminating information and influencing public opinion in massive online debates? To address these questions, I draw upon theories from political sociology, social movements, and public opinion and examine data collected from social media, newspapers, and other sources.
My work is comprised of case studies focused on the United Kingdom and comparative studies of political parties across Europe. In a working paper with Jenny Enos using over a decade of data from Facebook and Twitter in twenty-eight European countries, we show that populists have attracted more engagement on Facebook than other parties and that their online advantages appear to be growing. I have written op-eds in the Washington Post on the 2017 German election and the 2018 Italian election, in both cases radical right breakthroughs were associated with dominance on social media.
A second area of my research focuses on identifying and understanding hate speech and hate speakers on social media. My initial work on the subject focused on the distinction between hate speech and other forms of offensive language that often result in false positives here. This research has been covered in Wired Magazine, Tech Republic, and New Scientist. I have subsequently developed theoretical work on to better understand different dimensions of hateful and abusive language (paper) and have examined the potential for racial bias in hate speech and abusive language detection detection systems, demonstrating how machine-learning classifiers designed to detect hate speech tend to predict that tweets written in African-American English are hateful than similar tweets written in Standard American English. You can read the paper, along with coverage in Vox. I have presented this research at many venues including at policy dialogues organized by the Organization of American States and European Commission
I'm currently developing experimental research to understand how social context influences judgments about whether certain content is hateful or abusive. A book chapter on the sociology of hate speech detection will appear in the Oxford Handbook on the Sociology of Machine Learning in 2023.
In addition to my substantive interests, I also study how computational methods can be applied more generally in sociological research. For example, as part of the Fragile Families Challenge, I examined how neural networks can enable us to predict social outcomes and assessed the extent to which these black box predictive models can be amenable to sociological explanations. I found that these methods do not radically outperform traditional approaches like linear regression, but may allow us to use large amounts of data to inductively identify important variables. A paper based on my analysis is published Socius and our paper describing the results of the Fragile Families Challenge mass collaboration was published in PNAS.
I also have experience using computational methods in industry settings. In the summer of 2016 I was an Eric and Wendy Schmidt Data Science for Social Good Fellow at the University of Chicago. I worked on a project to develop an early-warning system to identify police misconduct and helped develop a new model to predict risks at the dispatch level. You can read about our work here, along with media coverage in The Chicago Tribune, NPR, Mother Jones, the Economist, and Forbes. As of spring 2017 our system is being implemented into two police departments, you can read about the progress here. In 2017 I spent the summer in the Data Science Research & Development group at Civis Analytics, a data science consulting and software company based in Chicago. I used natural language processing and machine learning techniques to build a tool to monitor political discussion on Twitter. In 2018 I was a Core Data Science intern at Facebook in Menlo Park. I conducted a study of misinformation sharing on the platform and helped to evaluate and deploy a new tool related to their on-going election integrity efforts.
Please feel free to get in touch at thomas dot davidson at rutgers dot edu.